From: ( http://allthingscatholic.tumblr.com/ )
Under the guidance of the Holy Spirit, the Catholic Church decided which books were inspired and which were not, at the Council of Rome in AD 382, under the authority of Pope Damasus I. The same canon was reaffirmed at the Council of Hippo, Africa, in AD 393 at the Council of Carthage, AD 397; also at the ecumenical councils of Florence (1442), Trent (1546), Vatican I (1870), and Vatican II (1965).
Abridging the Bible: Masoretic or Septuagint?
Cleverly, Luther did not remove the books entirely, he merely sidelined them. Initially the seven Books continued to be placed in a section called the Apocrypha. But since it was cheaper to print bibles without them, the seven books were slowly dropped altogether. By the 19th Century, the vast majority of Protestant Bibles did not carry the seven Books at all. Protestants began to get used to not seeing these Books in their Bibles, and to imagine that their Bibles were perfectly complete without them.
Btw, the deuterocanonical (aka “apocryphal”) books are found in the Dead Sea Scrolls, the Codex Vaticanus, the Codex Sinaiticus, …
…both 1 and 2 Maccabees are in the Gutenberg Bible, published a century before Luther was born, which proves that the Catholic Church didn’t add them at the Council of Trent after the Reformation; they were taken out by Luther during the Reformation.
—Catholic Bible 101: Purgatory
[To what extent are Protestant bibles different from Catholic bibles?]
The difference goes beyond the mere deletion of books, such as changes made to specific phrases in in the books of the New Testament. Question is, can we still obtain authenticity from such changes in the Protestant bibles?
I would not believe in the Gospel, had not the authority of the Catholic Church already moved me.
— St Augustine of Hippo (November 13, 354 – August 28, 430) [Contra epistolam Manichaei, 5, 6: PL 42, 176]
It was St. Augustine, you know, who insisted on putting Revelation as well as Hebrews in the New Testament Canon at an African bishops’ council held at the end of the fourth century.
— Fr. Benedict J. Groeschel CFR, foreword to The Lamb’s Supper: The Mass as Heaven on Earth by Scott Hahn
The Bible itself came from the Liturgy of the Church.
— Dr Scott Hahn, ex-Presbyterian minister
Whenever we take up a Bible we touch Saint Irenaeus’ work, for he played a decisive role in fixing the canon of the New Testament.
How can the Bible be infallible if the Church who compiled it isn’t as well?
The Church or the Bible?
Christ sent His Apostles with authority to teach all nations, and never gave them any command of writing the Bible. And the Apostles went forth and preached everywhere, and planted the Church of God throughout the earth, but never thought of writing.
Apostolic Tradition — Jesus commissioned the Apostles to “go, therefore, and make disciples of all nations. Baptise them in the name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. Teach them to carry out everything I have commanded you” (Mt.28: 19-20). He promised that the Holy Spirit would “instruct you in everything and remind you of all that I have told you” (John 14:26). Just before his ascension into heaven Jesus said, “Go into all the world and preach the gospel to the whole creation” (Mk 16: 15). He commanded them to do precisely what He himself had done, namely, deliver the Word of God to the people by the living voice and granted them, through the Holy Spirit, the gift of tongues. He told them, “He who hears you hears me and he who rejects you rejects me, and he who rejects me rejects Him who sent me.” (Luke 10:16) It was by this oral Apostolic Tradition that the Church discerned which books should be included in the New Testament. Many were already in use in the house churches (Christianity was “underground” for three centuries and much persecuted) St. Augustine endorses the same position when he says: “I should not believe the Gospel except on the authority of the Catholic Church” (Con. epist. Manichaei, fundam., n. 6). As St. Paul urged in his epistle, 2 Thessalonians 2: 15, “So then, brethren, stand firm and hold to the traditions which you were taught by us, either by word of mouth or by letter.” The books of the New Testament were written between about A.D. 45 and as late as A.D. 100 but were not put into a defined canon or single collection until the end of the fourth century. Why not? The Holy Spirit protected the oral Tradition or Apostolic Tradition taught by the true Church, which by A.D. 100 was already known as the “Catholic Church.” See the seven letters of Ignatius of Antioch, accepted by both Protestant and Catholic scholars as legitimate. Sacred Tradition has for its subject the Holy Spirit, indwelling the Church as the soul animates the body. The Spirit guides the Church in her interpretation of the Word and in her liturgy.
“I realised I had to break an old habit that, despite my newfound awareness of sacred Tradition, had continued up till then to affect the way I thought about Catholic Marian teachings. It was the habit of looking for a biblical basis for this and that Catholic teaching. For the simple fact was that the authors of the New Testament did not base their faith on the Bible. They based it on apostolic Tradition, both written and unwritten, which is incarnate in the Church. For them, this Tradition is a unified whole, like a weave. And it maintains its integrity even as it grows from mustard seed to mustard plant. Because of that, the question that always faced the Church was not ‘Is this Bible based?,’ but ‘Is this apostolic?’”
— Mark Shea, ex-Protestant
“Trust in the Lord with all your heart, and lean not unto your own understanding; in all your ways acknowledge him and he will direct your paths.”
— Proverbs 3:5-6
“It is, then, undoubtably true to say that, in the present order of Providence, it is owing to the Catholic Church that we have a Bible at all. And no-one will be a bit the worse Christian and Bible-lover if he remembers this notable year that it is to the Mother Church of Christendom he must look if he would behold the real preserver, defender, and transmitter of the ‘Word that endureth forever.’”
— The Right Reverend Henry Grey Graham, Where We Got the Bible: Our Debt to the Catholic Church
Indulgences granted for reading the Bible:
Extra nugget of info:
Archbishop of Canterbury Stephen Langton (1207-1228) painstakingly numbered all the verses of the Bible. Anytime we mention a Bible verse like “John 3:16”, we are taking advantage of his great labour of love.